Toni-Michelle C. Travis is Professor Emeritus of Political Science at George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia. She has taught and conducted research on urban politics, racial and gender dimensions of elections, and public policy issues. Her publications include Uneven Roads on U.S. Racial and Ethnic Politics; Democratic Destiny and the District of Columbia; The Meaning of Difference. Her current research is on the mayoral administration of Walter E. Washington, the first elected mayor of Washington, DC in the 20th century. She has served as a political analyst on Virginia and national politics on C-span, CNN, NPR, and local NBC, ABC, and CBS affiliates. From 1998 to 2002 she hosted “Capital Region Roundtable,” a public affairs television show in the Washington DC area. She has been a fellow at the Rothermere American Institute of Oxford University. In the American Political Science Association, she is a co-founder of the Race, Ethnicity, and Politics section and has served as president of the National Capital Area Chapter and the Women’s Caucus. She is a graduate of Bard College and earned a PhD from the University of Chicago.